In Kolkata there are people of all cultures ,communities and diversity.so when it comes to weddings we can see a whole lot of new rituals and traditions and can be a part of it .likewise in Marwari community and UP Bihar community we can see a whole lot of rituals which are completely different from each other like their community itself but the central idea stays the same that is the union of two happy souls . best wedding photographers in Kolkata gives their best to create a fairytale wedding for the newly wedded couples of these communities to cherish for their whole lives.
UP BIHAR COMMUNITY
A Bihari wedding is very colourful and vibrant on its own. They love their weddings rustic and traditional.they have a chain of rituals that they celebrate with the soon to be married couple .a typical up Bihari wedding have pre-wedding, wedding day and post-wedding rituals which are very interesting and quite unusual.
1.Satya Narayan Katha
It’s a puja organised by the bride’s family and all family friends and the groom’s family take part in it.it is a prayer service and a lamp or Diya is lit which remains lit for the whole duration of the marriage.
It’s an official engagement ceremony where the bride and groom exchange rings and gifts or shaguns.it first happens in the bride’s place and on the next day the same ritual takes place in the groom’s place which is known as Cheka.
The Haldi ceremony which follows the Cheka .all the married women of groom’s family make a turmeric paste and send it to the bride which is applied to her body and while this takes place the women of the bride’s family sing and danced to their folk songs.
In this ritual, the brides’ brother visits the groom’s house with a tilak thaal and this shows that the bride’s family has accepted the alliance. the brother applies tilak on the groom’s forehead and gives him gifts of clothes, jewellery and clothes to celebrate the ritual. the bride’s family gives the Haldi paste and groom’s marriage day outfit and the groom’s family gives him the gold Nath, bridal clothes and maang tikka for the bride and send him off after a grand meal.
The groom’s family apply the Haldi paste send by the bride’s family on the groom .the married women take part in this ritual.
- Dhritdhaari and matripooja
The parents of both bride and groom celebrate this ritual together to seek blessings of their departed ancestors .they offer clothes or money knows as paunpooji to ask forgiveness from their ancestors and also offered to the elders of the family.
7.Silpoha and imli ghutai
Silpoha ceremony is the rice grinding ritual which is done as the sun comes out on the marriage day .the groom’s mother wraps the rice in a churni and then grinds it on a silbatta. imli ghutai is done to ward off the evil eye.
On the wedding day, the groom’s mother performs paricchavan or aarti .the whole ritual takes place before the baratis take off.
The exchange of garlands between bride and groom is called jaimala and it takes place at the mandap .the galsedi ritual is conducted by the married women and the bride’s mother after the exchange of garlands.they heat up the betel leaves in a lamp and burn it to ashes .this ash is smeared on the groom’s face and cow dung is thrown behind the groom.
10.Kangnabandhana and kanyadaan
In this ritual the priest ties bracelets on both bride and groom’s hand .there stay a barber who cuts the toenails and fingernails of the couple at the mandap .after this the bride’s parents give away the bride to the groom which is known as kanyadaan.
11.Bhaisur nirakshan, kuldevtaki puja and pheras
In this ritual, the bride is gifted with saris, jewellery, lehengas by her father in law and her brother in law. after this the couple prays to the family deity or kuldevta then the pheras are done around the sacred fire.
The elders of the family shower cash and gifts on the groom and then he leaves with his bride to his house.this is vidaai.the bride’s brother escorts the newly married couple to the decorated car and takes them home.
Swagat ritual is done to welcome the newly wedded couple at the groom’s place.puja is done and parents shower rice and flower on them. a copper vessel filled with rice along with a plate of Alta and two cane baskets are placed at the entrance .the bride pushes the vessel with her right foot and then she steps on the aalta plate.in mooh, dikhai the bride is given money, a pair of gold bangles and other gifts from her in-laws .after that Satyanarayana puja takes place for a successful up Bihari wedding.
the Marwari community is completely different from the above community but it’s not at all less in any vibrancy and exuberance.like all other Indian weddings, this is also celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm and grandeur.they have some interesting and fun rituals which show Marwari authenticity and cultural richness.
1.Nandi Ganesh puja
This is a prayer service for lord Ganesh and the family dieties and asks for their blessings.it is hoped that any celebration or ceremonies should be started by the puja of Lord Ganesh for prosperity and success.
This is the engagement ceremony where the family of the groom visit the bride’s family with gifts and items for the puja. then the exchange of rings takes place.
This is a fun ceremony which happens on the day of mudda tikka or one or two days before the wedding. the brides get dressed up and sit on a chowki or tool and all the ladies of her family and her in-laws family assemble around her . they all sing and dance to popular Bollywood songs and also on their folk songs.it’s a complete entertaining ritual and it eases out the relationship of both the families.
Mehendi is also a very blissful ceremony for the ladies especially for the friends and cousins of the bride .henna dye is applied on the hands and feet of the bride and also the other ladies .mehendi is a sign of happiness, profusion and fulfilment in the lives of the women.
A havan is a ritual where a fire is lit and offerings are made into it like ghee and other sacred things, while priests chant mantras for the success of the marriage and well being of the bride and groom
The groom’s family has to carry a decorated ceremonial umbrella, a sword, two-floor cushions, garlands and paan to the wedding venue while the groom leads the procession on a decorated mare .the relatives and the friends of the groom dance and sing while going to the marriage venue
The exchange of garlands after the barati is welcomed by the bride’s family took place, where the bride and groom exchange their malas or garlands.
This is a ritual where a cloth tied around the waist of the groom is tied to the end of the veil of the bride .then its put on the shoulder of the groom which signifies the two have become one.
In this ritual, the bride’s father hands her over to the groom and asks him to take her responsibility.
10.Saptapadi or phere
The bride and the groom go around the holy wedding pyre seven times.the first 3 rounds bride leads and the next four is led by the groom.
11.Sumangalika –sindoor daan
After the pheras, the groom puts vermillon on the forehead of the bride. the sindoor is the biggest sign of the marital status of a woman .this are the ending and the most important ritual of the wedding.
After all the small rituals the bride bid farewell to her beloved family teary-eyed and move on with her newly wedded husband to start a new journey of life.
Both of the above communities are of two poles in their culture in their rituals in their traditions but one thing stays similar in every wedding of any culture that is the starting of the journey of two people who are in love.most of the Marwari or up Bihari families wanted photographers of their communities as they hoped for people who can understand and are well accustomed with their rituals and traditions. Staying in Kolkata it is not always possible for them to find a perfect Marwari or Bihari photographers for their event. Best wedding photographers in Kolkata are comfortable enough to make each and every ritual of both the communities in their style which will have the essence of the culture.they will give each and every couple of whatever community they belong from, a perfect wedding memoir which they can cherish forever. best wedding photographers in Kolkata are aware of the ritual variations of each community so they can capture every special and memorable moment from any rituals to create an amalgamation of every event.